UNDERSTANDING THYROID CANCER
ABOUT THYROID CANCER
Thyroid cancer is often discovered when you see or feel lump on the front of your necK , or your doctor may notice a nodule on the gland during a routine check up.
- -Thyroid cancer affects three times as many women as men and occurs in all age groups.
- -Thyroid cancer is the fastest-increasung cancer in both men and women.
KEY SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF THYROID CANCER
- lump in neck
- Swollen llymph nodes in neck
- Hoarseness or voice changes
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Pain in throat or neck
TREATMENT OF THYROID CANCER
- Surgical Removal of Thyroid Gland
- Radioiodine Remnant Ablation
- Long-Term Monitoring
RADIOACTIVE IODINE (RAI OR I 131) TREATMENT /REMNANT ABLATION
In addition to thyroid removal surgery, patients need an additional'(RAI) to destroy any cancerous thyroid tissue not removed by surgery. The dose of RAI (I 131) is given by mouth usually in the form of a pill or liquid.
THYROTROPIN ALFA(rhTSH)BENEFITS DURING ABLAYION
- Thyrotropin alfa is a protein similar to human thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Avoide the morbidity associated with hypothyroidism4
- 35% less exposure of the body to radiation2
- Significant reduction in sick leave3
How Is Thyroid Cancer Diagnosed?
An enlarged thyroid gland is the most common symptom thyroid cancer, although it can also be caused by other conditions. You might also develop other symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, hoarseness or a sore throat. If your doctor can feel a growth on your thyroid, a thyroid ultrasound scan may be conducted to get a closer look at it. The appearance of the lump can tell your doctor whether it is likely to be benign or if it would be a good idea to conduct a biopsy. You might also be offered a thyroid ultrasound scan if a blood test has shown that your thyroid function is lower than it should be. A biopsy can then be conducted if anything unusual is detected. During the biopsy, a small sample of the thyroid lump will be taken through a fine needle. It can then be tested in the lab to determine if the lump is cancerous and if so, what sort of thyroid cancer you have.
What Are the Treatments for Thyroid Cancer?
If the results show that you do indeed have thyroid cancer, a treatment plan will be drawn up according to the type of cancer and how advanced it has become. Many thyroid cancers can be successfully treated, but it can be more difficult if the cancer is large or if it has spread. The most common treatments for thyroid cancer are surgery to remove the whole thyroid gland and radiotherapy using radioactive iodine, which will target and eliminate cancer cells in your thyroid.
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